What is a SUBSTANCE – USE DISORDERS?
Disorders relating to manipulative behaviour arising from the regular and consistent use of substances are called substance-abuse disorders. They include the use and abuse of substances such as alcohol, heroin, cigarettes and cocaine.
In Substance-dependence the individual shows intense craving, withdrawal symptoms and compulsive drug intake. The individual desires to consume larger and larger amount of the substance to get the same ‘high’.
Alcoholism destroys millions of families, social relationships and careers. It also has harmful effects on the individual’s children leading to psychological disorders such as excessive anxiety, depression, phobia and substance-dependence disorders.
Cocaine abuse can lead to short-term memory loss among other problems.
Heroin intake interferes with social and cognitive functioning. It can also lead to death in some cases. Its most direct effects are depression, fatigue, sleep problems and anxiety.
Symptoms indicative of COUNSELLING
Intolerance, requiring larger amounts of the substance to get a high
Excessive sweating, insomnia, nausea if substance is not used for a few days
There is persistent desire for the substance
Important social, occupational and other activities are given up